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Test answers for Photography 2020

(189) Last updated: February 12
Elance • Design & Multimedia
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189 Answered Test Questions:

1. What is a common compositional guideline?


• Circles in squares

• The rule of thirds

• Squares in circles

• Triangles of light

• The rule of fourths

2. A shutter speed of 1 second lets in _____ the light of a shutter speed of 1/4 second.


• 12 times

• 8 times

• 3 times

• 4 times

• 2 times

3. If you want to achieve a "tracing" effect from moving light sources at night, what are the three main settings you would want to change on your camera?


• Shutter Speed, Relative Aperture, and ISO

• Shutter Speed, Relative Aperture, and White Balance

• Relative Aperture, ISO, and Image Quality

4. What does DSLR stand for?


• Digital single-lens reflex

• Digital single luminescent return

• Digital single-lens reflective

• Dual subtractive lens reflex

5. What is an "f-stop"?


• A measure of brightness

• The technical term for "shutter speed"

• The technical term for "exposure"

• A number representing the ratio of the lens's focal length to the size of its aperture

6. Memory cards are to digital cameras as _______ is to film cameras.


• film

• pixels

• silver

• crystal

7. What does the term "white balance" mean ?


• Composing a shot symmetrically with equal amounts of white on every side

• Making sure you have just the right amount of white in your photo

• Balancing light areas with dark areas

• A compensation for color temperature

• Using studio flashes and lights as opposed to natural sunlight

8. What is the amount of time the digital camera allows light to pass through the aperture called?


• Shutter speed

• Focal distance

• Aperture speed

• Shutter time

• Aperture limit

9. A star filter is used for:


• distorting specular highlights into a "star" shape.

• most astophotography except local planets (Venus, Mars, and Jupiter).

• all astrophotography

• softening skintones to eliminate pores and small wrinkles.

• camouflaging the direction of the camera's lens so people don't know they're being photographed.

10. What is "the rule of thirds"?


• Separating the viewfinder in nine identical rectangles, it's best to have the subject positioned in any of the inner corners of the rectangles located in the corners of the viewfinder.

• For the most visual impact, a great photo must have no more, no less than three main elements (three main colors, three subjects, three objects in focus).

• When there are three subjects in the photo, always focus on the right-most subject (third from the left).

• The best shutter speeds to use are 1/multiple of three (such as 1/120, 1/60, 1/30).

11. How can you reduce the effect of direct flash ?


• Lower Guide number

• Adjust the ISO

• Select a high-speed sync

• Bounce the flash off a reflective surface

• Use flash exposure compensation

12. Which adjustable elements are part of the "exposure triangle" ?


• White balance, shutter speed and aperture

• Brightness, contrast and saturation

• Aperture, shutter speed and ISO sensitivity

• ISO sensitivity, shutter speed and white balance

• Depth of field, metering and white balance

13. What is an advantage of using JPEG compared to RAW file format?


• High quality pixels

• More dynamic range

• Smaller file size

• Greater color range

14. What is the best shutter speed when shooting action photography ?


• 1/60

• 1/400

• 1/25

• 2sec

• 1/100

15. What is a fisheye lens?


• Any lens with a waterproof coating

• Ultra-wide lens with 180 degree field of view

• Underwater lens designed to mimic how a fish sees the world

• Ultra-wide lens with no barrel distortion

• A special lens for taking photos through glass

16. Does sensor size affect high ISO performance?


• No

• Yes

17. CR2 is a RAW format belonging to which manufacturer of cameras?


• Olympus

• Nikon

• Pentax

• Sony

• Canon

18. Which ISO would have more film grain?


• 1600

• 800

• 400

• 50

• 3200

19. A shutter speed of 1/200 means:


• The shutter will open and close 200 times, but the camera will only take the picture once.

• The shutter will take 1ms to open and 200ms to close.

• The camera will pause 1ms to send the signal to the shutter to open and the shutter will stay open 200ms before closing.

• The shutter remains open for 1/200th of a second.

20. PL (polarizing) filters can be used to:


• Cut down on light much like an ND filter.

• Darken skies and better define clouds.

• Eliminate reflections in water.

• Eliminate reflections in glass.

• All answers are correct.

21. What are the two most common types of memory cards used in digital photography?


• Multimedia Card and Intelligent Stick

• XQD and SD

• XD-Card and Memory Stick

• Secure Digital(SD) and Compact Flash (CF).

22. Which of these types of digital camera has the largest image sensor?


• Full frame digital SLR camera

• Compact point & shoot camera

• Camera Phone with 18 Mega Pixel

• Micro 4/3rds

• APS-C digital SLR camera

23. What is the difference between optical and digital zoom?


• Optical is used primarily with film cameras.

• Digital is a higher resolution zoom.

• Optical uses special lenses.

• Digital utilizes pixel magnification and optical is a physical zoom.

24. The exposure, written as 1/320, is a measure of what?


• The time the shutter remains open

• The distance between lens elements

• The preferred wavelength of light

25. What does DOF stand for?


• Deeply Out-of-Focus

• Deeply On Focus

• Depth Of Field

• Digital Or Film

26. "DSLR" stands for


• Digital Single-Lens Reflex

• Data-Sorted Light Recording

• Dynamic Swappable-Lens Rigging

• Digital Single-Lens Refraction

• Diffusing Supplementary Light Resolution

27. What is the most popular function of a "Polaroid" camera?


• It allows you to set shutter speed and iso functions

• It has a polarizing filter

• It is a digital camera

• It can be used in extreme artic conditions

• It develops photographs instantly after taking them

28. What do you focus on most of the time when you're shooting portraits?


• The hair

• The mouth

• The nose

• The eyes

29. In low-light scenarios, you would use a:


• Higher ISO

• Lower ISO

30. What does "dof" stand for?


• depth of focus

• don't open first

• dance of flamingos

• dial on front

• depth of field

31. Which shutter speed is fastest?


• 1/4000

• 1/10

• 1/1000

• 1/500

• 1/50

32. What does HDR stands for?


• Heavy Dark Ray

• High Dynamic Range

• Hue Density Raw

• Hard Day Rate

• Heel Decorated Rodium

33. Which of the following helps prevent camera blur?


• Setting the shutter speed to at least 1.5x the focal length of the lens

• Setting the camera to mirror lock up

• All of these

• Using a tripod

• Using a remote cable to operate the shutter

34. When shooting RAW file format, which of the following settings can always be adjusted after the photo has been taken?


• Exposure

• All of these things.

• Noise Reduction

• Saturation

• White Balance

35. You can make videos with a DSLR?


• Yes

• No

36. Which adjustment will freeze subject motion?


• A faster shutter speed

• A slower shutter speed

• A larger lens

• A faster ISO

• A faster aperture

37. What does the acronym HDR mean


• High Dynamic Range

• High Depth Rate

• Half Dynamic Resolution

• Height Dependent Resolution

38. To reduce noise in an image a photographer will


• Change the focal length of the lens

• Place the camera on a tripod

• Select a lower ISO

• Shoot away from the sun

• Adjust the white balance

39. Why might one use a cable release?


• To trigger a camera that is placed such that the shutter button is inaccessible.

• To prevent camera shake.

• To lock the shutter open during a time exposure.

• All of these

40. Digital images are made of tiny pieces called...


• Cells

• Electrolytes

• Pixels

41. The longer your camera's shutter stays open, the _____  your camera lets in.


• less light

• more light

• less pixels

• more pixels

42. _________ is a common compositional guideline.


• Circles in squares

• Squares in circles

• The rule of fourths

• Triangles of light

• The rule of thirds

43. In film, the trade-off for high ISO was more grain. In digital, the trade-off for high ISO is...


• color shift.

• shutter lag.

• noise.

• resolution.

44. What is a low key image?


• A digital image.

• An image that is black and white.

• An image that is comprised of mostly darker tones.

• An image that has a key in it.

• An image that has a f stop of 2.8 or less.

45. In digital photography, using a high ISO such as ISO 3200 will produce digital images that have...


• much sharper

• increased amounts of digital noise

• better colors

• less grain

46. The process of taking several photos in a row with different camera settings, to give yourself several options to choose the best shot from later, is called...


• backlighting.

• backlighting.

• bouncing.

• bracketing.

• balancing.

47. ASA/ISO Film speed refers to...


• The film???s sensitivity to light

• Maximum consecutive frames per second

• How long it takes for the film to develop

48. Why would you use push processing?


• Because it ensure that the film gets properly coated

• Because you have too much light or are trying to increase your grey values

• Because its a faster chemical process

• Because you did not have enough light when you originally shot the photograph or you are intentionally trying to make image contrasty

49. A smaller (lower) f-number represents...


• a larger lens opening (aperture)

• a smaller lens opening (aperture)

50. SLR stands for...


• Single Lens Reflex

• Standard Light Reflection

• Single Lens Refraction

• Standard Light Refraction

51. What is the best format to capture still images in on a digital camera?







52. Which of the following shutter speeds allows more light to hit the camera sensor?


• 1/30s

• 1/1000s

• 1/4000s

• 1/250s

• 1/60s

53. What term describes when the edges of a photo are darker than the center?


• Edge Fading

• Light Loss

• Cornering

• Vignetting

• Tone Drop Off

54. f/1.8 refers to


• Aperture


• Exposure

• Shutter Speed

55. Which camera feature is designed to prevent softness (blur) from camera shake during long exposures?


• Autofocus

• Diopter.

• TV mode.

• Image stabilization.


56. A Macro lens is best used to photograph...


• Landscapes

• Portraits

• Black & White

• Live action sports

• Insects

57. What does 'DSLR' stand for?


• Digital single lens reflex

• Digital standard lens reflex

• Direct standard light reflex

• Direct sensor lens reflex

58. A shutter speed of 1 second lets in _____ the light of a shutter speed of 1/4 second.


• Time's Up!

• 3 times

• 8 times

• 12 times

• 4 times

• 2 times

59. If a lens has a focal length of 500mm and was used with a 1.5x crop factor what would it be equal to?


• 900mm

• 700mm

• 800mm

• 750mm

• 850mm

60. Managing shadows in natural light can be acheived by...


• careful framing.

• using fill flash.

• using bounce cards or reflectors.

• All the answers are correct.

61. Which of the following apertures allows more light to hit the camera sensor?


• f 11

• f 4

• f 8

• f 16

• f 5.6

62. Which of these is the largest opening aperture setting?


• f/2.8

• f/2

• f/1.4

• f/5.6

• f/4

63. What focal length is considered standard or "normal" in 35mm photography?


• 50mm

• 14mm

• 75mm

• 200mm

• 300mm

64. "Fill flash" is often used in conjuction with daylight to:


• Create a blue color cast (6000K).

• Enhance landscapes.

• Add light to highlights.

• Compensate for (brighten) natural backlight or shadows.

• Create hard shadows.

65. Which of the below is NOT a typical advantage of shooting digital in a raw file format?


• Ability to modify white balance in post-production

• Higher quality

• Smaller file size

• 12, 14, or 16 bits of information (rather than just 8)

66. What is the Sunny 16 rule?


• Rule of thumb for estimating if it will be a good day for photography

• Scientific theory of how sunlight effects photographs

• Never point your camera at the sun

• Method of estimating correct daylight exposures without a light meter

67. Bokeh is:


• The quality of blur in out of focus areas

• The mechanical focus ring on SLR cameras

• The premiere lens line from manufacturer Zeiss

• The subjective weight of highlights and shadows

68. A "hot shoe" is ...


• the name of a digital mounting bracket that connects the lens to the camera body.

• a common wire type for connecting a camera to a computer.

• a name for the piece that connects a camera to a tripod.

• a mounting point on a camera, often used for flashes & other accessories.

• a slang terms for an accidental photograph.

69. Each unit of measurement in aperture is called a....


• dial

• shutter speed

• ring

• opening

• stop

70. Placing a diffusion filter in front of a strobe light will:


• Eliminate chromatic abberation.

• Eliminate the need for a diffusion filter on the lens.

• Focus light on the subject.

• Color correct for tungsten to daylight.

• Soften shadows.

71. In a digital SLR camera a full-frame sensor is...


• Equivalent to the size of a frame of 35mm film.

• Double the size of a frame of 35mm film.

• Three quarters of the size of a frame of 35mm film.

• Half the size of a frame of 35mm film.

72. What do "burn" and "dodge" mean with regard to photography?


• "Burning" makes the image more red and orange, while "dodging" makes turns it more blue and green.

• "Burning" will make you photo smaller, and "dodging" will make it larger.

• "Burning" will make the color bright and bold, while "dodging" will remove color and turn the image grey.

• "Burning" will make the photo appear lighter, while "dodging" will turn it darker.

• "Burning" will darken the photo, and "dodging" will lighten the photo.

73. What ISO speed will allow for the fastest shutter speed at any given aperture?


• ISO 800

• ISO 100

• ISO 200

• ISO 3200

• ISO 1600

74. What trick commonly used by photographers to make food look fresher might make the food pictured less appetizing?


• Soak in Vodka

• Seal in Wax

• Spray with Hairspray

• Leave Out Overnight

75. A gray card is used to...


• adjust the depth of field

• keep the lens from collecting dust

• measure the amount of flash needed

• produce consistent image exposure and/or color

76. The practice of making several varied exposures of the same scene is called


• Resampling

• Calibrating

• Bracketing

• Hedging

• Mottling

77. Film speed is similar to _____ on digital cameras.



• Servo Focus

• Frame Rate

78. A 1.4x teleconverter will


• Convert a compatible lens to f1.4.

• Add 1.4 stops of aperture to a compatible lens

• Increase focal length by 1.4 times.

• Add 4 stops of aperture to a compatable lens.

• Decrease focal length by 1.4 times.

79. With which of the following methods would you achieve a completely blurry background? Choose the most efficient selection.


• Slower shutter speed.

• f 8 aperture or more

• f 2.8 aperture or less

• Faster shutter speed

• Soft focus filter.

80. Can SLR lenses be used on DSLRs?


• No.

• Yes, but all available features (i.e auto focus) will not always be available.

• Yes, but it will damage the SLR lens over time.

• Yes, and there is no dropoff in functionality.

81. Which f/stop will render a photograph with the smallest depth of field?


• f/5.6

• f/22

• f/1.4

• f/16

• f/8

82. When is a shallow DOF most useful?


• When taking landscape photography, so that as much of the landscape as possible is in focus.

• When shooting with a full-frame camera.

• When shooting under bright light, to be able to use slow shutter speeds.

• When needing to separate the subject from the background.

83. What characteristics of a photo are manipulated in tilt-shift photography?


• The rule of always keeping the horizon line straight

• The glow of the photo, manipulated by the lens elements

• The convergence of parallel lines and the plane of focus

• The vintage look of the photo, grain and saturation

84. Which provides the best image quality on a on a digital camera?


• Point and shoot camera with 16MP sensor

• APS-C sensor with 14MP

• full frame sensor with 12MP

85. Which of the following apertures gives the deepest depth of field?


• f 8

• f 16

• f 5.6

• f 2.8

• f 11

86. Which computer software is NOT used for editing and/or managing digital images taken with your DSLR?


• Aperture

• Photoshop

• Lightroom

• Photoshop elements

• Illustrator

87. During the golden hour


• Shadows are shorter, highlights are brighter.

• You can't take photographs.

• Depth of field becomes much broader.

• Shadows are longer and the light is specular

• The light is softer and warmer.

88. Which lens has shallowest depth of field (DOF)?


• 60 mm f/12

• 35 mm f/2.8

• 80 mm f/6.5

• 50 mm f/1.4

89. On a camera with a full-frame digital sensor, a 300mm lens has an effective focal length of...


• 400mm

• 150mm

• 450mm

• 300mm

• 600mm

90. The ISO setting on digital cameras refers to what for film cameras?


• Front reflex intensity

• Focal Length

• F-stop

• Film Speed

91. In fully manual mode, setting a camera to use f/1.8 versus f/3.6 will result in:


• Longer exposure

• Shallower depth of field

• Shorter exposure

• Wider depth of field

92. Which of these focal lengths is considered a wide-angle lens in 35mm film or D-SLR photography?


• 50mm

• 200mm

• 85mm

• 14mm

• 100mm

93. What is "Barrel Distortion"?


• When straight lines near the edges of a photograph appear curved, most commonly in wide-angle shots.

• When an image appears warped due to the lens not being properly connected to the camera.

• It's another way of describing "lens flare".

• It's a type of distortion caused when an element inside the lens is off center, usually the result of a dropped camera.

• When the corners of a picture are darker than the center.

94. When shooting a long (30 min) exposure at night without any ambient light in the sky you can expect...


• the stars in the sky to show up as streaks.

• the stars in the sky to blur into soft dots.

• the sky to turn green/grey.

• no stars in the sky unless you use a very high ISO.

• the stars in the sky to show up as sharp dots.

95. Which of the following apertures gives you the shallowest depth of field?


• f 11

• f 5.6

• f 2.8

• f 0.95

• f 16

96. Which f/stop will render a photograph with the most depth of field?


• f/16

• f/2.8

• f/4

• f/22

• f/8

97. If you want to shoot a waterfall, and you want the water to have a silky look, which of the following shutter speeds would be more suitable?


• 1/2000s

• 1/60s

• 15s

• 1/250s

98. What filter would you use to reduce reflection when photographing water?


• Polarizer Filter

• Warming Filter

• Reflection Filter

• Cooling Filter

• Neutral Density Filter

99. What are the additive Primary colors?


• Yellow, Magenta, Cyan.

• Black, White, Grey

• Red, Green, Blue.

• Red, Yellow, Blue.

100. Which of the following apertures correlates to the smallest opening in the lens itself?


• f 2

• f 4

• f 2.8

• f 11

• f 16

101. What does S or TV mode on an SLR camera stand for?


• Super Fast Mode

• Standard Mode

• Shutter Priority Mode

• Standard Television Mode

• Simple Mode

102. Why would you use an ND filter?


• To allow a lower level of light to enter the lens.

• To reduce noise under dimly lit conditions.

• To enhance the skin tones.

• To turn a regular lens into a macro lens.

103. What do many press photographers keep on  their flash unit?


• A hotshoe flash gun

• Speedlite Transmitter

• A memory card

• A Diffuser

• Macro ring lite

104. How is redeye reduced when using a flash?


• Use bigger flash.

• Move flash further away from lens.

• Move flash closer to lens.

• Move subject away from camera.

• Use a stronger flash.

105. What does the term "prime lens" mean?


• The lens is of high quality.

• The lens came shipped with the camera body.

• The lens has a fixed focal length.

• The lens is attached to the camera body and can't be removed.

• The lens can shoot between a range of different focal lengths

106. A graduated ND filter is best used for:


• Darkening a bright sky in a landscape shot.

• Correcting the overly warm color in a sunset shot.

• Bringing out detail in blonde hair in a studio set-up.

• Bringing out the eyes in a head-shot.

• Seeing through (removing) reflection in water.

107. What is another name for a mirror lens?


• macro lens

• catadioptric lens

• telephoto lens

108. What do you have to watch the most when shooting close-up photography ?


• Depth of field

• Evaluative metering

• Aperture priority

• Subject to flash distance

109. Which lens would likely provide the greatest barrel distortion?


• 105mm

• 24mm

• 16mm

• 85mm

• 50mm

110. TTL stands for...


• Time Tone Link

• Through The Lens

• Tint, Time, and Lighting

• Tripod to Lens

• Throughout The Location

111. A possible range of daylight color temperature would be:


• 2,000K - 4,000K

• 30K - 60K

• 5,000K - 7,000K

• 160K - 240K

• 1,000K - 2,000K

112. Of the following focal lengths, which lens will create the greatest compression?


• 300mm

• 200mm

• 14mm

• 50mm

• 28mm

113. What is a camera's Dynamic Range?


• The range between the camera's lowest ISO and it's highest ISO.

• The range between the brightest highlights and the darkest shadows that the cameras chip can capture.

• The range between a normal photo and a HDR photo.

• The range between the largest aperture and the smallest aperture of the lens.

• The range between the closest in focus point and the furthest in focus point.

114. Which of the following devices is useful for macro photography?


• An extension tube

• A reversing ring

• A macro lens

• A bellows

• All of the devices.

115. How do you take photographs at night or in low light scenarios?


• Use a higher ISO setting and a smaller f-stop to keep your shutter speed down.

• Use a lower ISO setting and a larger f-stop to keep your shutter speed down.

• Use a lower ISO setting and a smaller f-stop to keep your shutter speed down.

• Use a higher ISO setting and a larger f-strop to keep your shutter speed down.

116. The "multiplier factor" attached to APS-C digital cameras refers to...


• ISO shift.

• sensor size

• shutter lag time.

• camera weight.

117. If you want to achieve a "tracing" effect from moving light sources at night, what are the three main settings you would want to change on your camera?


• Shutter Speed, Relative Aperture, and ISO

• Shutter Speed, Relative Aperture, and White Balance

• Shutter Speed, Relative Aperture, and F Stop

• Relative Aperture, ISO, and Image Quality

118. What is the difference between a medium format camera and a 35mm film camera?


• The medium format negatives are larger and capture more information

• The 35mm camera has a larger body than the medium format

• You get more depth of field from a 35mm camera

• The 35mm camera shoots better resolution quality on the negatives

• The medium format negatives take less time to develope

119. Which of the following focal lengths is more suitable for close portrait shots?


• 24mm

• 12mm

• 18mm

• 85mm

120. If I change from f/8 to f/5.6 I am...


• increasing the depth of field

• letting in twice as much light

• reducing the amount of light

121. The number of frames a modern DSLR will shoot at max frame rate (burst) in a row is usually limited by:


• the physics of light.

• shutter cooling issues.

• buffer/write-to-disk speed factors.

• AF (auto-focus) motor speed.

• sensor cooling issues.

122. A flattering form of portrait lighting is named after which famous painter?


• DaVinci

• Monet

• Rembrant

• Michaelangelo

• Picasso

123. What is a High Key vignette?


• When the corners of the images go dark.

• Something you do in photoshop.

• A filter you put in front of the lens.

• When you put a panty hose in front of the lens

• When the corners of the image go light.

124. What is "rear-curtain sync"?


• Camera operation synchronized by the use of curtains

• Flash firing synchronized with the opening of the shutter

• Flash firing synchronized with the closing of the shutter

• Synchronization by placing camera behind a curtain

125. What does "A" Aperture Priority mode do?


• Calculates an aperture value for a given user-selected shutter speed.

• Calculates a shutter speed for a given user-selected ISO.

• Calculates a shutter speed for a given user-selected aperture value.

• Calculates an aperture value for a given user-selected aperture value.

126. By what number do you divide by to find the focal length of a 50mm lens when mounted on a body with an aps-c sized sensor?


• 2.8

• 5.6

• 14.8

• 1.6

127. A longer focal length on a lens results in what?


• A larger field of view

• A slower shutter speed

• Reduced magnification

• A faster shutter speed

• Greater magnification

128. On a full-frame digital camera a "normal" lens is considered what focal length...


• 50mm

• 200mm

• 35mm

• 75mm

• 120mm

129. What are the functions of each light in a Three-Point Lighting system?


• Fill Light, Front Light, Side Light

• Back Light, Front Light, Fill Light.

• Rear Light, Top Light, Fill Light

• Back Light, Fill Light, Key Light.

130. Which lens is more apt to cause motion blur:


• 100 mm.

• 500 mm.

• 200 mm.

• Any fisheye lens.

• Any inexpensive lens.

131. What determines a lens' "speed"?


• The focal length.

• It's the smallest maximum aperture.

• How fast your money dwindles in order to buy it.

• How fast it autofocuses.

• It's the largest maximum aperture.

132. What crop factor does APS-C typically have?


• none of the above

• 1.8x-2.0x

• 1.5-1.6x

• 0.8x

• 1.3x

133. On a APS-C sized sensor with a crop factor of 1.5x a 300mm lens will effectively be what focal length?


• 300mm

• 400mm

• 450mm

• 600mm

• 150mm

134. Why might a lens be considered "fast?"


• It autofocuses easily

• A larger maximum aperture allows a faster shutter

• It's conducive to a higher framerate

• A smaller minimum aperture allows a faster shutter

• It increases your ISO

135. What does crop factor mean?


• The luminosity drop observed when using digital zoom.

• It describes the increase in grain when using smaller image sensor sizes.

• The maximum digital zoom factor for a specific camera.

• The focal length multiplier used with smaller sensors to obtain 35mm equivalent.

• The coefficient by which lens aperture has to be multiplied when using digital imaging sensor to obtain the film camera equivalent.

136. How is the inverse square law best explained?


• An object twice the distance from a light source will receive a quarter of the illumination

• By shooting with your camera upside down, you can increase the light absorption of the sensor/ film.

• An object farther away from the camera will require four times the amount of flash power

• An object half the distance from a light source will receive half the illumination

137. With all other things equal, which produces tighter depth of field?


• A physically larger sensor/film size

• Less megapixels

• Wearing tighter clothes

• A physically smaller sensor/film size

• More megapixels

138. Some digital cameras have sensors that make educated guesses when detecting colors. This is a process called...


• Extrapolation

• Guesstimation

• Fragmentation

• Color theory

• Interpolation

139. In a rangefinder camera, what does rangefinder refer to?


• A laser used to determine focus point

• The camera's focusing system

• A table on the camera for determining manual focus range

• The camera's aperture ring

140. True or False: Linear polarizing filters can interfere with modern camera sensors.


• False

• True

141. Using a macro lens at f/5.6, as opposed to a standard 50mm lens at f/5.6, will likely:


• Blur the image

• Increase barrel distortion

• Increase the image's depth of field

• Reduce the image's depth of field

• Reduce the aperture

142. Hyperfocal distance is best defined as:


• The distance between the camera and its object.

• The distance past which the range of focus becomes much narrower.

• The distance between two points of focus.

• The distance beyond which all objects can be brought into an "acceptable" focus.

143. What is the most common pattern of color filters found in digital cameras?


• Filtered cell pattern

• Flannel pattern

• Bothan pattern

• Bayer filter pattern

144. A tilt-and-shift lens has the same objectives as which type of camera?


• 4x5 speed graphic

• 8x10 polaroid camera

• Panoramic camera

• View camera

145. The most common process used for processing black and white negative film or color negative film is:


• C-41

• E-6

• C-18

• D-2

146. What is the standard colour temperature for daylight?


• 1000 K

• 5500 K

• 100 K

• 4500 K

• 6500 K

147. When a linear polarizing filter can't be used because of interaction with polarized sensors in a camera, one can use what instead.


• Two UV filters.

• a circular polarizing filter.

• Two polarizing filters set at 90 degrees to each other.

• A graduated ND filter

• Polarized light sources.

148. A UV filter is most commonly used to...


• remove reflections from water.

• protect the sensor from damaging UV rays.

• protect the front element and coatings of the lens.

• protect film from damaging UV rays.

149. What are the subtractive primary colors?


• Red, Green, Blue.

• Yellow, Magenta, Cyan.

• Black, White, Grey.

• Red, Yellow, Blue.

150. What is the magnification ratio of a true Macro lens?


• 1:1

• 1:20

• 1:2

• 1:3

151. What is meant by pull processing?


• pull and stretch the film

• Under expose and over develop the film

• Over expose and under develop the film

• freeze the film and throw in the chemical bath in full light

• a method of washing the film in the chemicals

152. In digital cameras, doubling the dimensions of the digital sensor will cause the number of megapixels to be...


• doubled

• halved

• quadrupled

• quartered

• tripled

153. What is meant by push processing?


• a technique for mixing photo chemicals

• Over expose and under develop the film

• push is a specific type of photo chemical process used to tint film

• Under expose and over develop the film

154. Why would you use pull process?


• Because you did not have enough light when you originally shot the photograph or you are intentionally trying to make image contrasty

• To properly coat the film

• Because you have too much light when you originally shot or are trying to increase your grey values

• For distortion like a fun house mirror

155. A photograph is a macro photograph when:


• The camera is held 2x closer to the subject than usual

• The subject measures less than half the focal length

• The subject weighs 1.5 grams or less

• The subject is photographed at life size or larger

• The camera is focused on a single subject

156. An aperture of f/2.8 lets in ______ as much light as f/5.6.


• 6 times

• 4 times

• 8 times

• 2 times

• 10 times

157. What does EXIF stand for, when referring to digital image data?


• External Imaging File Format

• Exchangeable Image File Format

• Extra Image Information File

• Electronic Xerox Image File

158. A tradeoff of using a High ISO setting is...


• ... loss of color accuracy.

• ... an increase of noise in the image.

• ... a loss of observable resolution in the image.

• All of these things.

159. When mixing flash and ambient light, adjusting the flash power affects...


• only the flash exposure

• both the flash and ambient exposure

• neither the flash or ambient exposure

• only the ambient exposure

160. When would you use an extension tube?


• To increase the speed of a lens

• To increase the focal length of a lens

• To make a lens focus closer than normal

• To extend the camera's film speed

161. In the same light condition f2.8 and 1/100 is equal to f5.6 and what shutter speed?


• 1/300

• 1/50

• 1/200

• 1/25

162. Each time an SLR camera raises and lowers the mirror and shutter curtain, this is known as...


• An "Actuation"

• An "Impulsion"

• A "Shot"

• A "Click"

• A single "Firing"

163. Which of the following will almost always cause trouble when using an on-camera flash unit?


• A stopped down aperture

• A fast ISO

• Matrix metering

• A slow shutter speed

• A lens hood

164. The most common process for a reversal film (slide) is:


• E-1

• E-20

• E-41

• E-6

165. True or False: Depth of field measures the distance from your camera to the closest point in a shot that is in focus.


• True

• False

166. When mixing flash and ambient light, adjusting the aperture affects...


• The flash and ambient exposure

• Neither the flash or ambient exposure

• Only the flash exposure

• Only the ambient exposure

167. The f-ratio is the focal length divided by what?


• Lens weight

• Lens f/stop

• Lens diameter

• Lens aperture

168. Which two brothers introduced the first viable colour process in 1907?


• The Eastman Brothers

• Herman and Otto Vogel

• The Lumi??re Brothers

• David and Thomas Sutton

169. Images produced on "chrome" or chromogenic film are


• Color positive film

• Instant film

• Color negative film

• C-41 film

• B&W film

170. A digital camera with double the resolution of a 12 megapixel camera would have to be...


• 24 megapixels

• 48 megapixels

• 36 megapixels

171. The aspect ratio of a 35mm / Full Frame sensor is...


• 3:2

• 1:1

• 4:3

• 2:1

• 5:4

172. Standard JPG or JPEG image files are...


• 4-bit image files

• 16-bit image files

• 1-bit image files

• 24-bit image files

• 8-bit image files

173. Approximately how much time was required to properly expose a photo with the Daguerreotype process?


• 30 seconds

• 6 hours

• 1 to 2 hours

• Between 5 and 20 minutes

174. Shooting unfiltered in an area with high color temperature lighting will result in an image that is...


• Underexposed

• Darker

• Brighter

• Yellower

• Bluer

175. If a 4MP camera can give a 4x6" print at a certain quality, how many megapixels would be needed to generate a print twice the size (12x8") at the SAME quality?


• 24MP

• 12MP

• 8MP

• 16MP

• None of these

176. What two companies sold the first consumer-oriented digital cameras?


• Panasonic and Sony

• Olympus and Pentax

• IBM and Canon

• Apple and Kodak

177. Are Kodak BW400CN and Kodak TriX both traditional B&W films?


• False. BW400CN is a C-41 film that uses dye layers to produce a B&W image. It is not a traditional B&W film.

• False. Kodak TriX is a color negative film. It is not a traditional B&W film.

• False. BW400CN produces particularly strong contrasts and deeper blacks. It is not a traditional B&W film.

• False. TriX requires an exposure time that is triple what traditional film needs. It is not a traditional B&W film.

• True. They are both considered traditional B&W films.

178. What color temperature are household tungsten bulbs?


• 5000-5400K

• 3200-3500K

• 6500K

• 1700-2000K

• 2500-2900K

179. Which of these would provide the softest light source?


• Smaller light, closer light source

• Larger light, farther light source

• Smaller light, farther light source

• Larger light, closer light source

180. True or False: A red filter will soften clouds and lighten skies when using B&W film.


• True

• False

181. What does CMOS stand for?


• Calibrated metal oxide sensor

• Complex metallic oxide semiconductor

• Complemented metallic oxide sensor

• Calibrated metallic octagon sensor

• Complementary metal oxide semiconductor

182. ISO stands for...


• International Organization for Standardization

• Illumination Sensitivity Output

• International Standard of Organization

• International Standards Options

• Integrated Sensor Operation

183. A 12-bit image file has...


• 1024 discrete tonal levels

• 2048 discrete tonal levels

• 4096 discrete tonal levels

184. Taking the APS-C "multiplier effect" into consideration; to get the same field-0f-view of a 21mm lens on a full-frame camera would require what focal-length on an APS-C DSLR?


• 13mm

• 42mm

• 33.6

• 21mm

185. Which definition best describes the F-Number?


• The ratio of the lens's focal length to the diameter of the entrance pupil

• The effective length of time a camera's shutter is open

• The distance between the nearest and farthest objects in a scene that appear acceptably sharp in an image

186. A split prism is...


• a piece of glass in the camera which splits incoming light to both the autofocus sensor and to the viewfinder

• an element within a lens which inverts the incoming light to upside-down, so it appears right-side-up in the viewfinder

• a glass screen in the viewfinder that visually indicates when a manual lens is focused on a specific focal point

• a block of glass in the body of the camera which refracts incoming light from the lens through the viewfinder

187. True or False: In order to achieve maximum Depth-of-Field, you should stop-down as much as possible and focus halfway between the closest and furthest subject.


• False: you should focus at infinity and stop down as much as possible.

• True: stopping down as much as possible will bring everything into focus.

• False: your best focus point will be closer to the camera.

• True: depth of focus is linear and focus will be equally sharp at equal distances before and beyond the focus point.

188. Who first demonstrated the three-color printing process in 1861?


• James Clerk Maxwell

• Ducas du Hauron

• Herman Vogel

• Auguste and Louis Lumi??re

• George Eastman

189. Which company first patented the film-less electronic camera?


• Intel

• Nikon

• Texas Instruments

• Canon

• Kodak